Different Christmas Family Meals. What to Cook in Your Country

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merry-christmasChristmas or Christmas Day is a great holiday celebrated all over the world. It is an annual commemoration of the birth of Jesus Christ. In different countries the date of celebration varies – most people celebrate Christmas on December 25, but in Eastern Europe the marry day is on January 7.

 
The celebration of this holiday is very merry and interesting, it has rich traditions. Preparing to this day people decorate their houses, yards, flats, stores etc. On December 25 people gather and sing Christmas carols, wish merry Christmas, give each other cards and gifts.

Children believe that Santa Clause comes at night and leaves presents for them. Sometimes they leave cookies and milk for Santa.

Christmas dishes

On Christmas Eve special meals are cooked in different countries. The menu of Christmas dinner varies from cuisine to cuisine and from one country to another. That's why we decided to make a list of traditional Christmas dishes in such countries as Great Britain, USA, Australia, Canada, Germany, Finland, Jamaica, Mexico, Poland and so on.

About cooking poultry for Christmas you can read here.


United Kingdom & Ireland

1The traditional Christmas dishes in UK and Ireland are roast meat (usually turkey or goose), roast potatoes and other vegetables, and Christmas pudding.

Christmas ham;

Roast turkey;

Roast beef;

Roast duck;

Roast goose;

• Roast pheasant;

Pigs in a blanket;

Roast potatoes;

Brussels sprouts;

Mince pies;

Nut roast;

Christmas pudding;

• Dundee cake;

• Christmas cake;

• Brandy butter;

Bread sauce;

• Chocolate yule log.

 

United States

2There is a long number of meals that are cooked for Christmas in US. These dishes are similar to Thanksgiving meals.

Christmas Ham;

Prime Rib;

• Roast turkey, duck, goose, or pheasant;

• Smithfield ham;

Chicken and dumplings;

Mashed potato;

• Oyster stew;

• Dungeness Crab;

Gingerbread;

Fruitcake;

• Christmas cookies;

• Candy canes;

• Persimmon pudding;

Plum pudding;

• Apple pie, mince pie, pecan pie, pumpkin pie, sweet potato pie;

Cranberry sauce;

• Mixed nuts;

• Hot chocolate;

• Apple cider;

• Champagne;

• Eggnog;

• Hot buttered rum.

 

Australia

3• Roast turkey, chicken and ham;

Cold turkey and cold ham;

• Seafood and salads;

Mince pies;

• Christmas cake or Christmas pudding;

Gingerbread in Christmas shapes;

• Christmas damper;

Lollies;

• Custard;

• Champagne.

 

Canada

4Roast turkey;

• Mince pie;

Shortbread;

Cranberry sauce;

Christmas pudding;

• Trifle;

• Tourtière;

• Butter tarts;

• Candy canes;

Satsumas;

• Doughnuts;

Fruitcake;

Gingerbread;

Pumpkin pie;

• Bûche de Noël;

• Mixed nuts in the shell and spiced nuts;

• Eggnog;

• Apple cider.

 

Finland

5Christmas ham with mustard;

Turkey (kalkkuna);

• Karelian pasties, rice pasties;

• Karelian hot pot;

• Reindeer;

• Freshly salted salmon (gravlax graavilohi);

• Cold smoked salmon;

• Pickled herring in various forms;

• Lutefisk and Bechamel sauce;

• Whitefish and pikeperch;

• Rosolli;

• Liver casserole;

• Potato casserole;

Carrot casserole;

• Rutabaga casserole (lanttulaatikko);

Boiled potatoes;

• Rice pudding or rice porridge;

• Mixed fruit soup or prune soup;

• Christmas bread;

Gingerbread;

• Chocolate;

• Prune jam pastries;

• Various sauces;

• Cheese, most commonly (leipäjuusto) and Aura (aura-juusto);

• Glogg or mulled wine;

• Christmas beer (Jouluolut);

• Home beer (kotikalja);

• Red wine (punaviini);

• Marski's tipple.

 

Iceland

6• Hamborgarhryggur;

Oven-roasted turkey;

• Ptarmigan;

• Hangikjot;

• Mondlugrautur;

• Pickled red cabbage;

• Caramelised potatoes;

• Smakokur.

 

New Zealand

7• Sausages;

Ham;

Turkey;

Potato salad;

Christmas mince pies;

• Pavlova;

Christmas pudding;

• Chocolate;

• Trifle;

• Strawberries;

• Brandy snaps;

• Wine.

 

Norway

8• Pinnekjott;

• Svineribbe;

• Sossiser;

• Medisterkaker;

• Julepolse;

• Lutefisk;

• Julegrot;

• Rodkal;

• Kalrabistappe;

• Pepperkake;

• Lussekatter;

• Glogg.

 

Sweden

9• Kottbullar;

• Julskinka;

• Dopp i grytan;

• Prinskorv;

• Flaskkorv;

• Isterband;

• Revbensspjall;

• Inlagd sill;

• Gravad lax;

• Janssons frestelse;

• Rodkal;

• Gronkal;

• Brunkal;

• Rodbetor;

• Lutefisk;

• Cheeses: bondost, herrgårdsost, prästost, Getost;

• Julost;

• Vortlimpa;

• Knackebrod;

• Julgrot;

• Lussekatter;

Pepparkakor (Gingerbread);

• Knack;

• Julmust;

• Glogg.

 

Mexico

10• Pavo;

• Tamales;

• Bacalao;

• Ensalada de Noche Buena;

• Romeritos;

• Ponche.

 

France

31• Oysters;

• Foie gras;

• Chapon;

• Dinde aux marrons;

• Ganzeltopf;

• Buche de Noel;

• Smoked salmon;

• Crepes;

• Kouglof;

• Berauwecka;

• Thirteen desserts;

• Quince cheese;

• Casse-dents of Allauch;

• Calisson of Aix-en-Provence;

• Nougat blanc;

• Nougat noir au miel;

• Fruit;

• Fougasse.

 

Germany

11• Weisswurst;

Roasted goose;

Kartoffelsalat (potato salad) with Wiener (sausages);

• Carp;

• Schaufele;

• Oblaten Lebkuchen;

• Springerle;

• Weihnachtsplatzchen;

• Christstollen;

• Pfefferkuchenhaus.

 

Italy

12• Panettone;

• Tortellini;

• Pandoro;

• Panforte;

• Prosecco;

• Spumante;

Ravioli.

 

Portugal

13• Cabrito assado;

• Borrego assado;

• Bacalhau;

• Polvo cozido;

• Bolo Rei (King Cake);

• Bolo-Rei Escangalhado (Broken King Cake);

• Bolo-Rei de Chocolate (Chocolate King Cake);

• Bolo-Rainha (Queen Cake);

• Bolo-Rei Escangalhado (Broken King Cake);

• Bolo-Rei de Chocolate;

• Broa castelar;

• Fatias douradas;

• Rabanadas;

• Formigos;

• Filhoses;

• Coscoroes;

• Tarte de amendoa;

• Tronco de Natal (Christmas log);

• Lampreia de ovos;

• Sonhos;

• Velhoses;

• Bolo de Natal (Christmas cake);

Pudim de Natal (Christmas pudding);

• Vinho quente.

 

Denmark

14Roast pork steak with cracklings;

• Andesteg;

• Rodkal;

• Roasted chestnuts;

Boiled whole potatoes;

• Brunede kartofler;

• Risalamande;

Brun sovs (brown sauce);

• Julebryg (Christmas beer);

• Christmas cookies;

• Glogg;

• Konfekt, marzipan, caramelised fruits, nougat and chocolate-covered nuts.

 

Spain

15Roasted turkey;

Roasted lamb;

• Langostinos;

Shrimps;

• Lobster;

• Crab;

• Turron;

• Yema;

• Mantecados & polvorones;

• Marzipan, almond cakes.

 

Philippines

16Ham;

• Morcon;

• Mechado;

• Caldereta;

• Lechon;

• Pancit;

• Queso de bola (edam cheese);

• Salads;

• Bibingka;

• Puto bumbong.


Japan

30• KFC fried chicken;

• Christmas cake.

 

Hong Kong

17Roasted turkey;

Roasted chicken;

Ginger bread.

 

Czech Republic

18• Carp;

• Christmas fish soup;

Potato salad;

• Christmas cookies;

Fruitcake;

Gingerbread.

 

Cuba

19• Majarete;

• Platillo Moros y Cristianos;

• Lechon asado;

• Crema De Vie.

 

Chile

20Roasted turkey;

• Cola de mono;

• Pan de Pascua;

• Ponche a la romana.

 

Brazil

21• Lombo a California;

• Pernil;

• Peru;

• Farofa;

• Bacalhau;

• Rabanada;

• Panettone;

Brazil nut.

 

Colombia

22• Brevas dessert with cheese;

• Bunuelos;

• Natilla;

• Manjar blanco;

• Hojaldres;

• Christmas cookies;

• Sweet bread filled with fruits (raisins, raspberries).

 

Dominican Republic

23Pig roast;

• Pollo al Orno;

• Moro de guandules con coco;

• Majarete;

Russian potato salad;

• Macaroni salad;

• Pasteles de hojas;

• Cheese and guava platter;

• Telera (Mexican bread);

• Fruit platter;

• Jengibre (ginger tea).

 

Guatemala

24• Pavo;

Chicken;

Fish;

• Tamales;

• Ponche;

• Bunuelos.

 

Hungary

25Roast goose;

Roast duck;

Roast turkey;

• Fish soup;

• Stuffed cabbage;

• Pastry roll filled with walnut or poppy seed;

• Bread pudding with poppy seed;

• Szaloncukor.

 

Jamaica

26• Curry goat;

Christmas ham;

Chicken;

• Rice and peas;

• Sorrel;

• Christmas (fruit) cake or black cake.

 

Poland

27• Barszcz;

• Fish soup;

• Kielbasa;

• Bigos;

• Carp fillet with potato salad, carp in aspic etc.;

• Pickled maatjesharing, rollmops;

• Pierogi with sauerkraut and forest mushrooms;

• Poppy seed cakes;

Fruit compote;

• Kutia sweet grain pudding.

 

Puerto Rico

28• Morcilla;

Pig roast;

Potato salad;

• Pastels;

• Pasteles de guineo;

• Pasteles de yucca;

• Arroz con gandules;

• Ensalada de pulpo;

• Dulce de papaya con queso Boricua;

• Pastelon;

• Guineitos en escabeche;

• Arroz con dulce;

• Tembleque;

• Majarete;

• Coquito.

 

Venezuela

29• Pan de jamon;

• Pernil;

• Hallaca;

• Ensalada de gallina;

• Dulce de lechosa.

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